Friday, October 18, 2013
Tuesday, January 3, 2012
MANNAM JAYANTHI...the RESTRICTED HOLIDAY in the State is an INSULT to BHARATHA KESARI-SOCIAL REFORMER-FREEDOM FIGHTER-SRIMAD MANNATHU PADMANABHAN.By this act HE has been generalised as a caste Leader contarary to His principles.
Wednesday, November 2, 2011
2nd PARINIRVANA DAY OF UPASAKA.V.KRISHNAN NAIR ON 6TH NOVEMBER 2011
2nd PARINIRVANA DAY OF UPASAKA RAMAN PILLAI VELAYUDHAN PILLAI KRISHNAN NAIR on 06-november 2011. UPASAKA V.KRISHNAN NAIR an ex-INDIAN ARMY PERSONNEL and the saviour of many human lives in and after the army service. is the father to south Indian poet thencheran , the GEN.SECRETARY TO ALL INDIA NAGAVAMSHA KSHATRIYA SABHA..Religious observations and charity donations will be made on this occasion.THE CONSCIOUSNESS OFUPASAKA KRISHNAN NAIR RESTS WITH IN THE PURE LAND OF AMITABHA BUDDHA
"MAY ALL LIVING BEINGS BORN,GONE AND TO BE BORN BE FREE FROM SUFFERING"
"MAY ALL LIVING BEINGS BORN,GONE AND TO BE BORN BE FREE FROM SUFFERING"
Sunday, October 23, 2011
Saturday, October 1, 2011
Nair (Also known as Nayar or Malayala Kshatriya), is the name of a Hindu forward caste from the Southern Indian state of Kerala. The Nair community as of 19th century was divided in to close to 200 subcastes.
Until a few decades ago, the Nairs were divided into several sub-castes and inter-dining and inter-marriages were practically non-existent amongst them. The 1891 Census of India, undertaken by the British listed a total of 138 Nair subcastes in the Malabar region, 44 in the Travancore region and a total of 55 of them in the Cochin region.
HierarchyThe caste hierarchy within the 20 major divisions among the Nairs is as following (From the highest ranked subcaste to the lowest ranked one):
- Royal Subcastes
- Other Kshatriya Subcastes
- (3) Kiryathil Nāyar & Vellāyma Nāyar (Nambiār, Kaimal, Kurup.etc) - Malayala Kshatriya
- (4) Illathu Nair (Kartha, Thirumukom, Pillai.etc) - Malayala Kshatriya
- (5) Swaroopathil Nair, Menokki & Charna Nair (Menon, Menoky.etc) - Malayala Kshatriya
- (6) Padamangalam Nair - Malayala Kshatriya
- (7) Tamil Padam Nair - Malayala Kshatriya
- (8) Pallichan Nair - Malayala Kshatriya
- Lower ranking Subcastes
- (9) Maaran - Ambalavasi Brahmin
- (10) Vātti (Vātti Kuruppu, Pattu Kuruppu & Nantunni Kuruppu), Daivampāti (Brahmani), Pulikkal Nāyar & Payyampāti - Ambalavasi Brahmin
- (11) Chempukotti Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (12) Otattu Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (13) Puliyath Nair & Matavan Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (14) Kalamkotti Nair & Anduran Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (15) Chakkala Nair & Vattakkatan Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (16) Asthikkuracchi Mārār & Chitikan Nair - Ambalavasi Brahmin
- (17) Chetty Nair, Mūtta, Taraka, Vaniya Nāyar & Ravāri Nāyar - Arya Vysya
- (18) Itasseri Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (19) Chaliyan Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (20) Maniyāni Nayar - Yaduvanshi Kshatriya
- (21) Veluthedathu Nair - Malayala Sudra
- (22) Vilakkithala Nair - Malayala Sudra
|Race||Social Grouping||Caste||Travancore Pop(1901)||Cochin Pop (1891)||Malabar Pop (1891)|
|Nair||All Nair||All Nair||537,430||102,768||396,492|
|Malayala Kshatriya||Total Malayala Kshatriya||478,940||82,994||318,789|
|Purathu Charna Nair||0||9,096||109,396|
|Akathu Charna Nair||0||0||32,446|
|Tamil Padam Nair||258||0||0|
|Nair Inferior||Total Nair Inferior||38,117||13,008||44,669|
|Unknown / Other||Total Others||20,373||6,797||33,034|
Royal SubdivisionsAccording to Fuller, most unbiased observers have concluded that the Samanta Kshatriya and SamanthanSamanta Kshatriyas were divided into two principal subdivisions: Thampans (or Tampurans) and Thirumulpads. Included among the former are the Cochin royal family and the Cranganore chiefly family. In Travancore, the division was different. Thampurans were divided into three categories of which only the highest ranking grouping made up of ten chiefly families and known as Koil Tampurans were regarded as Samanta Kshatriyas. The second division, known as Rajas, comprised nine chiefly families (including the Travancore royal family) who were Samanthans, like the third grouping of ordinary Thampurans. In Malabar, there were seven major SamanthanEradi, Nedungadi, Vellodi, Unniathiri, Adiyodi, Thirumulpad, and Nambiyar. Eradi is the subdivision to which the Zamorin of Calicut belongs. The Raja of Valluvanad was a member of Vallodi. The Raja of Chirakkal was an Unniathiri. subdivisions should be treated merely as supereminent Nair subdivisions. The subdivisions:
The Raja of Travancore, however used to perform an extraordinary ceremony known as Hiranyagarbha. The essential feature of this ceremony was the casting of a hollow golden vessel through which the Raja passed. On emerging from the vessel, the Raja's caste status rose from Samanthan Nair to Samanta Kshatriya. Unfortunately for the royal family, the Samanta Kshatriya status so acquired was not hereditary, and thus the ceremony had to be performed for each new Raja.
The Samanta Kshatriya and Samanthan Nair subdivision were minute. For example, In Travancore in 1931, the Samanta Kshatriya population was 3,673 (0.07% of the total population), and the Samanthan NairSamanta Kshatriya population was recorded as less than 0.1% of the total population; for 1921, the Samanthan Nair population was given as 4,663 (0.15%). population was 97. In Cochin in 1931, the populations were, respectively, 2,128 (0.18%) and 571 (0.05%). In Malabar in 1931, the
The Raja of Vadakara (Polanad), popularly known as Polarthiri was of Nambiar (Nair Nobility) origin. They were also known as Vadakara Vaazhunnor and consisted of 30 sub divisions known as Koottams, such as Chelkkattan Kurup (Thacholi Koottam), Vennappalur Koottam, Moodaadi Koottam.etc
Changes in subdivisionAccording to Pocock, the significance of the Samanta Kshatriya and Samanthan Nair subdivisions lay not in their numbers, but in the model they provided for other Nairs involved in the status game. A Nair taravad, especially if it were wealthy or powerful, could attempt to transform itself into a new, different subdivision. The methods used vary. Most common were the severance of all connections with any demeaning occupation, the Sanskritization of various customs and the taking of a new name. But most crucial of all was alteration of the taravad's marital connections, by finding men of higher status to perform the tali-tying ceremony for the girls in the taravad, and by beginning to accept only men of higher status as sambandham partners for the women.
A number of comparatively low-status groups were absorbed into the Nair community. Among other features, the taking of the prestigious title "Nair" may itself serve this end (Dumont 1964:98). According to the British reports, the process is perhaps most apparent in the cases of the Chakkala Nair, Veluthedathu Nair and Vilakkithala Nair. These two subdivisions well illustrate the ambiguity attached to upward mobility. Even as early as the beginning of the 20th century, these castes were commonly referred to as "Veluthedathu Nair" and "Vilakkithala Nair"-at least in Central Travancore, and in official publications. Although the Jatinirnayam included them as Nairs, in the early census reports they were often enumerated as separate, non-Nair castes. It is still the case, despite their names, that many Nairs belonging to higher-ranking subdivisions do not acknowledge the Veluthedathu and Vilakkithala Nairs as "real" Nairs, and they never intermarry with them.
It is noted that hypergamy, in that it can lead to a shortage of marriageable women for men on the lowest rungs in the caste, promotes the absorption of lower-status groups into the larger caste through marriage, and thus further expands the populous caste.
Formation of subdivisionsThe formation of Nair subdivisions is explained by K Raman Unni in Polyandry in Malabar (Sociological Bulletin). Nair taravads were usually linked by hereditary duties to Nambudiri families dominating various villages. The taravads gained a "reflected" prestige dependent on the status of the Nambudiri family. A group of taravads with the same prestige, usually those linked to one family (Namboothiri or high caste Nair) in one village, would tend to become endogamous, which means, in this context, that they would, for the most part, exchange marriage partners only with each other. Over time, particularly if the group of taravads took a distinctive name, it would effectively become a subdivision. Nayar taravads serving Nayar chiefs, rather than Nambudiris, also formed similar groups, whose status depended on that of their respective Nair chiefs. Clearly, subdivisions formed in this manner were highly localized, although they could expand by contracting alliances with other taravads of equal status. In such a case, the creation of a larger subdivision would simultaneously mean the extinction of two or more smaller ones.
Historical evidenceIt may be noted that the earlier Keralamahatmayam, an Upa Purana of the Bhoogola Hindu Purana, does not make mention of any subcastes among the Nairs but only states them to be the military caste of Kerala. But the 17th century Keralolpathi which is a work purported to be written with the ulterior motive of promoting Brahminical supremacy mentions different subdivisions of Nair caste. While Kiriyathil Nayars were considered prominent in Malabar and Cochin, Illathu Nairs were prominent in the hierarchy in the Travancore. In fact, Kiriyathil Nayars are confined mainly to the northern and central part of Kerala.
Considering the unnecessary rancour created by the different subdivisions among the Nairs, social reform movements such as Nair Service Society (NSS) campaigned strongly against such divisiveness. Eventually, stratification among the different Nair subcastes has become non-existent in the present day, with individuals and families usually identifying themselves simply as "Nairs".